Who doesn’t wants to headstart his web project and reduce the design coding hours? Yes, everybody wants to. That’s why most of the web experts are moving towards the Bootstrap framework, that not only saves your lot of time but would also help in reducing your workload. 

 

What’s Bootstrap?

It is the most popular HTML, CSS, and JavaScript framework that helps users to build user interface components easily and quickly. Developed by the folks at twitter, it is a front-end framework that has a collection of pre-defined classes for creating websites and web applications. Today it is so popular that many of the WordPress themes are entirely dependent on them. The success of this framework is mostly because it has a brand name Twitter attached with it. But independently, it features a lot of reasons to use it.

1. It’s easy to learn and implement. You just have to assign each element a class name that’s listed in the .css file, or a function query if you are using JavaScript.
2. It supports grid system. The content of the web page can be divided into at most 12 columns. With just a dedicated class name for this, you can divide your content into a grid based web page.
3. It comes bundled with Javascript functions. Initially, it was customized for CSS, but later on, the developers added Javascript functions.
4. There is base styling for all the major HTML elements from the heading elements to nav elements.

 

How does Bootstrap work?

With just the pre-defined class names and Javascript functions you can implement the design and functioning of your elements, without editing the CSS or JS files manually. There are lots of class and function names that resides in the Bootstrap.css or bootstrap.js. You just have to select the required class name for the element you wish to style. That’s it, you’re done. Although you can customize the element using custom CSS, you won’t require it because the bootstrap has been styled to please everyone. For the full reference of Bootstrap 3 classes, see TomasJanecek.cz

This introduction should have convinced you to start with it.

 

Here are some of the great reasons to use Bootstrap.

  • It is licensed under MIT license and freely open for downloads. That means you don’t have to invest on this add-on stylesheet. However, you need to follow some conditions which are strictly endorsed by Bootstrap team, which includes keeping the license and copyright notice in Bootstrap files. Secondly, to freely download, modify and distribute under distributor’s liabilities. The distribution of Bootstrap is free as long as the liability is held by the distributor. This is great, especially if you are a theme developer, you can bundle the bootstrap file with your theme. So you don’t have to write hours of CSS code. For full Bootstrap license, refer to Github

 

  • Mobile first design based concept. The Bootstrap is based on responsive mobile first design. You just have to include the Bootstrap files and forget about the mobile design. Bootstrap will automatically adapt the website for different screen sizes until you make sure you don’t override the rule with your one.

 

  • Support for a large number of browsers and devices. Officially, Bootstrap is supported by all the major browsers for Mac and Windows. Though there is no official support for Linux’s Chromium browser but it functions on it as well. Unfortunately, the Android stock browsers run it with bugs, but third-party browsers such as Chrome and Opera are compatible with it. In iOS’s Safari, there’s some problem with the grid system. As expected, Bootstrap is not supported on the old Internet Explorer compatibility modes. To be sure you’re using the latest rendering mode for IE, consider including the appropriate <meta> tag in your pages.

 

Getting started

Getting started is as easy as it sounds. You just have to paste the link of the style sheet that is hosted on the Bootstrap CDN network.

<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-1q8mTJOASx8j1Au+a5WDVnPi2lkFfwwEAa8hDDdjZlpLegxhjVME1fgjWPGmkzs7" crossorigin="anonymous">

<!-- Optional theme -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/css/bootstrap-theme.min.css" integrity="sha384-fLW2N01lMqjakBkx3l/M9EahuwpSfeNvV63J5ezn3uZzapT0u7EYsXMjQV+0En5r" crossorigin="anonymous">

<!-- Latest compiled and minified JavaScript -->
<script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.6/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-0mSbJDEHialfmuBBQP6A4Qrprq5OVfW37PRR3j5ELqxss1yVqOtnepnHVP9aJ7xS" crossorigin="anonymous"></script></span>

Or else, if you want to customize the functions and classes so that you can use it for your other projects with your defined styles, you can download and keep the files in your project directory. You can download the latest version of Bootstrap from the official Website. You can also install Bootstrap using npm, Bower or Composer package installers.

 

Want to see Bootstrap in Action?

Jumbotron

This is how Jumbotron looks

 

Here’s how you include some text inside a div element with a class named jumbotron, which indicates a big box for calling extra attention to some special content or information. A jumbotron is displayed as a gray box with rounded corners. It also enlarges the font sizes of the text inside it.

<div class="container">
<div class="jumbotron">
<h1>Developers Streak</h1>
<p>Bootstrap is the most popular HTML, CSS, and JS framework for developing
responsive, mobile-first projects on the web.</p>
</div>
</div>

 

Navbar

Navbar created using Bootstrap
You can easily create a navigation bar at any position by just giving a class name “navbar”. It supports different types of Navigation bars. The default navigation bar, sticky navigation bar and static top navigation bar. It also supports Justified navigation bar.

<nav class="navbar navbar-default">
<div class="container-fluid">
<div class="navbar-header">
<a class="navbar-brand" href="#">WebSiteName</a>
</div>
<div>
<ul class="nav navbar-nav">
<li class="active"><a href="#">Home</a></li>
<li><a href="#">Page 1</a></li>
<li><a href="#">Page 2</a></li>
<li><a href="#">Page 3</a></li>
</ul>
</div>
</div>
</nav>

 

Cover Pages

The Cover page is a single page template for building simple and beautiful home pages. With Bootstrap, just write the best content for your product, link it with Bootstrap files and your cover page is ready. Here’s an example of a cover page created with it.

Bootstrap's cover image

 

Carousel homepage

The carousel is used to show multiple screens at a single position by using a slider. Here’s an example of carousel homepage which is created with the help of Bootstrap.

Carousel image

 

Blog posts

Blogs and posts content can be styled as well with Bootstrap. Here is a minimal blog that’s created using HTML and Bootstrap.

Bootstrap's blog image

 

Yes! These all example pages are created with HTML and Bootstrap, no external CSS or Javascript. Isn’t it amazing? Multiple layouts and elements can be combined to produce a fully functional website with the minimum coding on design and functioning.

 

Conclusion

Bootstrap is an amazing HTML, CSS and Javascript framework for developing mobile responsive websites and Apps. With the upcoming Bootstrap version 4, more predefined designs for elements would be added, so you don’t have to mess with the CSS part when you can easily do the same by naming the class name as one of the predefined classes. It’s free and easy to use. If you want to learn the Bootstrap, W3schools has lots of resources for it. For the Bootstrap framework updates and news tune to the official Bootstrap website.

Good luck!

 

Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Post on Google+ Buffer